AINA-2020


Keynotes

1st | 2nd


Prof. Paul Krause

University of Surrey, United Kingdom
 

Information Networks and Ecological Networks

The Internet of Things, Edge and Cloud computing all have important contributions to make to a wide range of application areas. We are seeing much talk about their application to Smart Cities, healthcare and Industry IV, for example. However, there is one area where they have potential to help catalyse a significant, and much needed transformation. That is agriculture. We are, of course, seeing projects on precision agriculture with useful reductions in seed, fertiliser, pesticide and herbicide wastage. But we can do better than that; much, much better. A body of theoretical and empirical studies around the world is now showing that if agricultural practitioners work with natural processes to build both above and below ground biodiversity, then this can enhance the provision of ecosystem services that help to capture soil organic carbon, recycle trace elements and the core NPK needs, encourage predators of weed seeds, and more. The term ecological engineering is now becoming current to encapsulate a methodology by which agriculture could be transformed away from a net contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, groundwater pollution and disruption of social cohesion in rural communities. Instead, it could become a major vehicle for carbon capture and storage, and provision of clean and safe drinking water, whilst maintaining yields, enhancing the quality of food and increasing employment opportunities in rural areas. Facilitating this will need important contributions from the AINA community. This talk will provide an overview of what can be done now, and what is still needed in order to provide real time monitoring of agroecosystems to support the transition of global agriculture into a scientifically managed and sustainable system.


Biography of Paul Krause

Paul Krause is Professor in Complex Systems at the University of Surrey. He has over forty years' research experience in the study of complex systems in a wide variety of domains, in both industrial and academic research laboratories. Currently his research work focuses on distributed systems for the Digital Ecosystem and Future Internet domains. He has over 120 publications and is author of a textbook on reasoning under uncertainty. He is leader of the recently founded Digital Ecosystems research group at Surrey which, although based in the Department of Computer Science, collaborates strongly with other disciplines throughout the University and around the world. He has been working in and leading strong interdisciplinary teams since 2006 in a wide range of EU and UK research council funded projects. He also has forty years’ experience as a volunteer in practical nature conservation projects, and has travelled widely studying natural ecosystems, especially in the Mediterranean and Himalayan regions. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications, and a Chartered Mathematician.